Secessionist Challenges in Aceh and Papua: Is Special Autonomy the Solution? Rodd McGibbon

ISBN: 9781932728187

Published: September 5th 2004

Paperback

107 pages


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Secessionist Challenges in Aceh and Papua: Is Special Autonomy the Solution?  by  Rodd McGibbon

Secessionist Challenges in Aceh and Papua: Is Special Autonomy the Solution? by Rodd McGibbon
September 5th 2004 | Paperback | PDF, EPUB, FB2, DjVu, talking book, mp3, ZIP | 107 pages | ISBN: 9781932728187 | 5.20 Mb

This study investigates if special autonomy can resolve the secessionist challenges in Aceh and Papua. The analysis covers the background of the decision to grant special autonomy and the shifting dynamics that resulted in Jakarta ultimately backsliding on both laws. As the government closed down the political space for independence movements, the imperatives that had driven the decision to grant special autonomy were removed. As a result, the government adopted more coercive measures to respond to separatist demands that essentially eclipsed special autonomy.

This coercive approach, however, has not addressed the underlying causes of injustice fuelling the conflicts. It is not conceivable, therefore, that the government may once again turn to special autonomy as a means to address separatism. The laws remain in place and revenues from autonomy continue to be allocated.

But even if Jakarta does strike a more committed posture toward special autonomy, the government will need to move beyond the ad hoc policy response of the past. At a bare minimum, a link must be established between, on the other hand, the unilateral concessions offered under the laws and, on the other, a systematic bargaining process between Jakarta and the regions to build support for resolving the conflicts.

Without linking concessions to dialogue, Aceh and Papua are likely to represent a continuing source of conflict and secessionism for the Indonesian state.



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